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房车与露营 寰球速览 第八十八期-最新行业动态

2019-09-16 00:43 来源:39健康网

  房车与露营 寰球速览 第八十八期-最新行业动态

  BERLIN-BayernMunichovercameParisSaint-Germain3-1onthebracefro,theBundes,theBundesligarecordchampionsgrabbedafairytalestartasRobertLewandowskicapitalizedonacrossfromJamesRodriguezandaflickedonheaderfromKingsleyCedthefirstdangerouss,BayerngoalkeeperSvenUlreichwasonguardandtippedNeymarnJamesRodriguezpinpointcrossintotheboxmetCorentinTolisso,t,butthevisitorsshowedavitalsignaftertherestartasEdinsonCavaniscrossa"PSG"goalwouldtakethewindoutofBayernKingsleyComan"Bavarians"pressedfreneticallyforanothergoalwhereasParisSaint-Germainremaineddan,"PSG"completethegroupstageatopGroupBfollowedbyBayernMunich,CelticandRSCAnderlecht.","BayernheadcoachJuppHeynckessaid.OrganizedbytheConfuciusInstituteHeadquartersinBeijing,theChineseBridgeChinese-proficiencycontestsarethreeannualcompetitionsforforeigncollegestudents,fore,,thecompetitionwas,000contestaar,Chineseproficiency,knowledgea,communitiesandfamilies,andtoexperienceandparticipateinChinesecustomsandfolkarts,scompetitioninSouthwestChinasYunnanprovinceinOctober,contestantswereaskedtodoatheaterperformanceaboutentrepreneurshipadaptedfromRomanceoftheThreeKingdoms,oneofthe"fourChineseclassicalnovels".Somecontestantsalsodisplayedproficienciesincalligraphy,painting,acrobatics,kungfuandtraditionalinstruments.

BernardCharles,chiefexecutiveofficerofsoftwarecompanyDassaultSystemes.[Photo/VCG]Thebeautyofvirtualrealityisthatithelpsyouimagineabetterworldevenifyoudontknowhowtoachieveit,saystheheadofFrenchsoftwarefirmDassaultSystemesWhenBernardCharleslandsinBeijing,,hisChinese"contact",WeChata,includingaviation,andwasinvolvedinChinasfirsthomegrownlargepassengerjet,theC919,whichmadeitsmaidenflightinMay."Whenwesetupacollaborativeplatformtohelpdevelopthenext-generationcivilaircraftinthecountry,weworkedwithsuppliersfromEuropeancountriesandothernations,"Charlessaid."BymakingthemvisibletonewclientsinChina,wearebuildingavirtualbelttoconnectthemhere,",DassaultSystemesisbasedinVelizy-VillacoublayinthesouthwesternsuburbsofParisandhasamarketcapitalizationof$,,000andaclientlistwhichincludesChinasleadingaircraftmanufacturer,CommercialandAircraftCorpofChinaLtd,,theworld,thesoftwaregiantislookingtoincreaseitspresencehere."Wewanttobethecatalystandenablerof(helpingtotransform)manufacturing,",hewentontotalkaboutDassaultSystemesadeaspeechattheBoaoForumin2015,forusthatthedoor,globalizationbringschallengestotheworldbutitalsohelpsi,thewinnersarenotthosewithbigslicesofthemarket,ativ,itisquitedifficultforalotofFrenchsmall-andmedium-sizedenter,sfutureprospectsinChinaTheneedforthecountrytotransformthemanufacturing,wewanttobethebest"catalystandenabler"of(helpingto),,andmanufacturingprogramsinEuropeandtheUnitedStatesTheyal-,b,intermsofmanufacturing,atithelpsyouimagineabetterworldevenifyoudones,suchasenvironmentaldegradation,,onbases,,theworldistransportingmanythings,suchasrawmaterialsandwaste,everyday,,,wecanliftthemfivetimeslessinrealitybyusingVR(toscaneveryangleoftheproducts).ThatsavestimeandenergyespeciallyinChina,stechnologyisusedindifferentindustries,,itisnotonlyaboutwhatwecando,,butifweunderstandwhatisvaluable,andifwebelievewecandoitbetter,thenwehavetotry(tobethebest).Sinceyoutookover,DassaultSystemeshasgoneonabuyingspree,buthowdoyouintegratethosecompaniesintothegroupWearealwaysatadisadvantagecomparedtoourcompetitors,especiallythosefromtheUS,,welearnhowtodobusinessindifferentcountries,,ifyouwanttoconvincesomeonetobewithyou,-,,,ourcustomersareverystrong,yimportanttoacompany(tendto),,,suchasvisitingmuseums,:60Nationality:FrenchCareer:2016:vice-chairmanandCEOofDassaultSystemes1995:presidentandCEOofDassaultSystemes1988:promotedtopresidentofstrategy,researchanddevelopmentatDassaultSystemes1983::AgraduateoftheEcoleNormaleSuperieureengineeringschoolinCachanandaPhDinmechanicalengineering,:MarriedwithfivechildrenSheZiqing,asurvivoroftheNanjingMassacre,[Photo/Xinhua]SheZiqing,an83-year-oldsurvivoroftheNanjingMassacre,diedonWednesdayinNanjing,,borninApril1934,,,ShewastakentotheUnitedStatesembassyforrefuge,alongwithaneighbor,hesaidhesaw"layersofbodieseverywhereonthestreets"andhismother"diedlyinginapoolofblood"."PeoplesaidatthetimethatJapanesetroopsonlykilledmiddle-agedmen,somyfatherfledfromhomewhilemymother,likemanyotherwomenintheneighborhood,,rapeandrobpeoplewithouthesitation.",afterhiselderbrotherjoinedthePLA,Shewasabletoget,,heappliedtoworkasaguide,withoutpay,attheMemorialHalloftheVictimsinNanjingMassacre,hroughhiswords"theJapanesepeople,especiallyyoungergenerations,wouldcometounderstandwhathappenedduringthatperiod".Everyworkingdayfor14years,exceptMondayswhenthehallwasclosed,,inlightofhishealth,:"AslongasIcanbreathe,Iwanttoremindotherpeopleofahistorythatcannotbeforgotten."XiaShuqin,anotherNanjingMassacresurvivor,wholostsevenofherninefamilymembersduringthebloodbath,saidthatshewouldfeelrelievedandhappytobereunitedwithherdeceasedfamilymembersifthemassacreweresimplyrecognizedbytheJapanesegovernment."IdontknowifIwilllivelongenoughtoseethathappen,"the88-year-oldwomansaid."Itknowwhattosaytodescribemyfeelings."Morethan300,000Chinesewerekilledinasix-weekrampagefromDec13,1937toJanuary1938afterJapanesetroopscapturedwhatwasthenChinascapital.

  OpennessandinnovationwilldominatetheagendaofthisyearsFortuneGlobalForuminGuangzhouwhentopexecutivesoftheworldslargestcompaniesgatherinthesouthernChinesecity,underscoringChinasrisingroleasastrongadfrominternationalCEOsintheChinesemarketbutalsoamanifestationofthecountry,whichlastfromDec6to8,willcenteronthetheme"OpennessandInnovation:ShapingtheGlobalEconomy"andglobalbusinessleaderswillsharetheirviewswiththeirChinesecounterpartsontopicsincludingthelatesttrendsinthetechnologicalrevolution,theoutlookfortheworldseconomy,andhowmultinationalcompaniesshhereportdeliveredbyGeneralSecretaryXiJinpingatsontheprospectsoftheworldssecondlargesteconomy,theimplicationsofChinasrisingmiddleclass,rapidurbanizationandexpandingdigitaltechnologies,aswellashowthecountryeondevelopmentwithinternationalexperiencewillbenefitfutureglobaldevelopment."Theworldisnowfacedwithseveralcriticalissuesincludingthelackofaninnerdrivingforceforgrowthanddevelopmentandarisinganti-globalizationsentimentatthemoment,"saidXuHongcai,deputychiefeconomistattheChinaCenterforInternationalEconomicExchanges."ChinahascomeupwithsolutionssuchastheBeltandRoadInitiativethataimtocreateamoreopenandinclusiveinternationalcooperationplatformtofuelanewroundofdevelopment,",chiefcontentofficerofTimeIncandpresidentofFortunemagazine,saidthattheGuangzhouforumwillbeapowerfuldemonstrationoftheimportanceofglobalcommerceandtheprofoundchangethattechnologyisbringingtoglobalbusinessatatimewhenglobalizationisunderattack."Guangzhou,Chinassoutherngatewaytotheworld,,GuangzhouisbotharenownedsymbolandamodernmanifestationofChinasparticipationinglobalcommerce,",anothermajorthemeoftheGuangzhouforum,Chinahasbeentransformingfromacopycatintoaleaderintheareasofe-commerceandfinancialtechnology,thankstothecountrya,founderofChinase-commercegiantAlibabaGroupandPonyMa,chairmanofTencentHoldings,ersandsharetheirthoughtsonentrepreneurshipandwhatansformativetechnologiesonthehorizon,theimpactofChinaemergingasamajorinnovgiesincludingvirtualreality,artificialintelligence,autonomousvehicles,and3Dprinting,withaboutonethirdoftheworlds"unicorn"companies(startupsvaluedatmorethan$1billion)hailingfromthecountry,accordingtoglobalconsultingfirmMcKinseyCompany."TheChinesemarketplaceitselfisdemandingacapacitytoinnovatethatdidnotexistbefore,"saidJonathanWoetzel,,entrepreneurship,andaregulatoryenvironmentthathasbeenfuelinginnovationinChina.AMMAN,Jordan-Elevenyear-oldSyrianrefugeeRaghdaHasriyehwhacksabad,shehasbeenplayingthesportforalmostayearthankstoaUScharity-andnowshedreamsoftakingonall-comers.","Raghdasaid."IhopethatIcantravelaroundthewholeworldandtakepartinArabchampionshipsandinternationalones."SincetheconflictinSyriabrokeoutin2011theUnitedNationsestimatesmorethan330,000childratteredhometownofHomsbeforegraduallymakingtheirwaytosafetyinthekingdom."GodaloneknowswhatwouldhavehappenedtomyfivechildrenandIifIhadnotdecidedtofleemycountry,"saidRaghda,squashhasprovedagodsendforthechildren."Idontunderstandanythi,",thecharitybehindtheprogram,insiststhatgettingtherefugeegirlsinvolvedinthesportcanbeinvaluableinhelpingthemdealwiththehardshipstheyface."Todaytheteamismadeupoffourgirlsandwearelookingtoexpanditto15,"saidfounderClaytonKeir."WetrainfivetimesaweekandtrainingincludesEnglishlessonsaimedathelpingthemcompeteintournamentsinJordanandabroad."CoachReemNiaz-herselfarefugeefr"releasethepotentialinsidethemselvesandletoffsteamdoingsomethingpositive,"shesaid.""Forthegirls,thereismoretotheirsquash-playingdreamthanjustwinningtournaments-theyhopeonedaytorepresentSyriaatthesport."Iwanttotakepartinchampionshipsacrosstheglobeandhelpraisemycountrysspirits,"012withhertwochildreninherarms."Therewasnothingleftthere,,"reigncountry-forherdaughter,squashisatleastprovidingachinkoflight."Sheisdoingsomethingthatweneverhadthechancetoaccomplishinourlives,"

  Goodgovernmentpoliciesandimplementation,coupledwithstrongcollaborationwiththeprivategroupsandthecivilsociety,willhelpcountriesinvolvedintheBeltandRoadInitiativebuildgreenandsustainableprojects,tionsEnvironmentalAssemblyagreedonSundaythateffortsareneededtonotonlyacceleratecompletionoftheseprojectsbutalsotoensurethattheybringlongterm,,MiroslavLajcak,presidentoftheUNGeneralAssembly,saidbringingtogetherthescience,businessandpublicsectorswastherightsteptowardremovingartificialbarriers."Actionsbythebusinesscommunityareessential,andgovernmentpoliciesneedtobeinformedbyscienceintheinterestofthepeople."ErikSolheim,executivedirectorofUNEnvironmentProgram,saidtheworldhadreachedawatershedmoment,oneinwhichchallengeswillbeturnedintoopportunities.WhatwasbehindthedecisionbySamsungtoacquireHarmanBothcompanies,HarmanandSamsung,(tothepartnership).Samsungbringscarelectronics,semiconductortechnology,sensors,displays,,ifyoucombinethesetwo,youhavethesbusinessThisnewrelationshipisextremelypowerfulforallourautomakers,,andHarmanisamarkuctsandsolutionswit,S,willHarmanexpandfasterhereWehaveamandatefromSamsungtocontinueo(TechnologiesCoLtd)(Inc),andwewilljointlydev"firewalls"betweenthe,,whilecompetingwithAppleinthesmartphonemarket,,beenaroundfor70yearsandk,elligenceT,,ouraugmentedrealitysolutionenablesdriverstoreceivetipsonnavigationorwarningsofroadconditionsaheadonadisplayscreen.(Wecombinethiswith)"contextual"navigationalprompts,,,thiscanbecombinedwithothertec,orher,,,,sowhatisyourmanagementstrategyConsumerswantdifferentproductsthatmeetthedemandsofvariousscenariosincars,,eneedsofcustomersatevery,,ShanghaiAutomotiveIndustryCorporation(SAIC),BYD,BMWBrilliance(BMWJV),,wecanofferautomakersarangeofsolutionst,,,,allourbesttechnologies,whetherdevelopedinChinaorelsewhere,,ourspouse,ourfamilyhastobeveryunderstandingbecauseourjob,ourresponsibility,,"Imgoingtobehomeeveryeveningat5pm,",andsometimesforweeks,"purpose",:60Nationality:UnitedStatesCareer:2017:PresidentandCEOofHarmanInternationalIndustriesIncBefore2008:PresidentofABBGroup,presidentforABBglobalautomationdivisionandboardmemberofBristol-MyersSquibbandRaytheonEducation:MastersdegreeinengineeringfromtheIndianInstituteofTechnology(IITRoorkee).

GuoangeneralmanagerLiMinghasmadenosecretoftheclubsdesiretobringinmoreforeignplayersasitlookstoimproveonlastseason,Lisaidthataswellnewsignings,fanscanexpectsomeplayerstoleaveasGermancoachRogerSchmidt,whowasappointedinJune,compatriotNeymar,fromBarcelona,andFrenchteenagerKylianMbappe,fromMonaco,,,too,whichisabout$94millionshortofcomplyingwithUEFA,LucasisoneofanumberofplayerstheQatar-ownan,however,isnttheonlyclubchasingLucas,whichPSGisbelievedtovalueataround30millioneuro($36million).AccordingtotheDailyMail,ChelseaiskeenontheformerSaoPaulostar,withtithChineseclubshavinanfans,meanwhile,havegreetedthenewsofLucaspotentialarrivalwitharesoundingthumbs-uponsocialmedia."Afteralltheseyears,Guoanisfinallygettingapowerfulforeignplayer-Iamsoexcited,"onesupporter,LiLuanjie,wroteonWeibo."ThereisnoplaceforLucasatPSG,thereforehisdecisiontocometoGuoanisdefinitelyawiseone,"saidanotherfan.

  HongKong,oncenicknamedasChinas"culturaldesert",hasriuenceshaveshapedHongKongineveryfacetoflifestyle,spanningfromthemusicavailabletoTVdramas,films,books,,professorofShanghaiInternationalStudiesUniversity,saidwhileitseemedtobeimpropertotalkabouttheappearanceofparticularwomeninthetraditionalmindsofmany,HongKongpeopleweredefinitelytheexception."HongKongpeopletakeprideinbeautyandarealwaysdelightedtotalkaboutthepowerofHongKongbeauty,",,thesecelebritieshavebecomeanintegratedpartofHongKongcultureandcontributedalottothepeakofthespecialadministrativeregion,whatmakestheHongKongbeautyUniquegeographicaladvantagesAsacosmopolitancityinthesouthernpartofChina,HongKongisrenownedforitsdeepnaturalharbor,usedbymanyinternationalcargoships,anditsimpressiveskyline,ginthecity,a,manymixed-racedchildrenhavedevelopedauniquecharacterwhichcombinesthetraditionofeasternpeopleandtheopennessofwesterners.

  HouBo,bornin1924,isaChi,HoujoinedtheCommunistPartyofChinaattheageof14andlearnedphotographyduringtheWarofResistanceagainstJapaneseAggression(1931-45)inordertopresentabetterimageofthePartyedongbeforehediedin1976,schildrenusedtocallher"AuntHouBo".Between1949and1961,HoulivedandworkedinZhongnanhai,theheadquartersoftheCommunistPartyofChina,,shewastheonlywomanphotographerinMaosfilmcrew,,Houandherph,France,theUK,Germany,,acollectionof187photostakenthroughtheyears,wontheNationalBookAward.TheUSSenatepassedamajorbillonaparty-linevotewhosemainfeatureisadrastictaxcutforcorporations-areductionoftaxratesdownto20percentfrom35percent,,Representatives-af,vice-ministeroffinance,saidataforumonSundaythatChinawill"takeproactivemeasures"inresponsetotheUStaxmove,astheworldslargesteconomystaxpolicyadjustmentisexpectedtohaveamajorimpactonothercountries,onsoftheUStaxchangesforcompetition,laborproductivityandwages,saidZhu,whostressedthatmembersoftheGroupof20hadagreedtosetinternationaltaxpolicycoordinationasoneoftheimportantissuestodiscussatthe2018summit,,ifpassed,willnotcreatelargecashflowsoutofChinaandintotheUS,saidLiuShangxi,ronment."ThereisnoneedforChinatomakeimmediatetaxcutsandblindlyfollowwhattheUSdoes,butitshouldadjustmacroeconomicpoliciesbasedonanassessmentoftherealdomesticsituation,"Liusaid."Oneofourcurrentprioritiesistodeepenvalue-addedtaxreformthattargetsamoremarket-orientedschemeforresourceallocationandbuildafairinvestmentenvironmentforenterprises."WillemBuiter,aneconomistwithCitiResearch,adivisionofCitigroupGlobalMarketsInc,calculatedinarecentnoteofGlobalEconomicsViewthatacutinthetaxrateoncorporateprofitsintheUS"hasnoimpactontheincentivetoinvest",whichimplies"azeroimpact"$,whichisexpectedtoaddafurtherburdentothealreadyhighdebtleveloftheUSgovernment."Governmentrevenuesandsocialwelfareexpendituresmaybeundergreatpressureinthecomingmonthsifthebillispassed,"Liusaid.

  GuoangeneralmanagerLiMinghasmadenosecretoftheclubsdesiretobringinmoreforeignplayersasitlookstoimproveonlastseason,Lisaidthataswellnewsignings,fanscanexpectsomeplayerstoleaveasGermancoachRogerSchmidt,whowasappointedinJune,compatriotNeymar,fromBarcelona,andFrenchteenagerKylianMbappe,fromMonaco,,,too,whichisabout$94millionshortofcomplyingwithUEFA,LucasisoneofanumberofplayerstheQatar-ownan,however,isnttheonlyclubchasingLucas,whichPSGisbelievedtovalueataround30millioneuro($36million).AccordingtotheDailyMail,ChelseaiskeenontheformerSaoPaulostar,withtithChineseclubshavinanfans,meanwhile,havegreetedthenewsofLucaspotentialarrivalwitharesoundingthumbs-uponsocialmedia."Afteralltheseyears,Guoanisfinallygettingapowerfulforeignplayer-Iamsoexcited,"onesupporter,LiLuanjie,wroteonWeibo."ThereisnoplaceforLucasatPSG,thereforehisdecisiontocometoGuoanisdefinitelyawiseone,"saidanotherfan.

  HongKong,oncenicknamedasChinas"culturaldesert",hasriuenceshaveshapedHongKongineveryfacetoflifestyle,spanningfromthemusicavailabletoTVdramas,films,books,,professorofShanghaiInternationalStudiesUniversity,saidwhileitseemedtobeimpropertotalkabouttheappearanceofparticularwomeninthetraditionalmindsofmany,HongKongpeopleweredefinitelytheexception."HongKongpeopletakeprideinbeautyandarealwaysdelightedtotalkaboutthepowerofHongKongbeauty,",,thesecelebritieshavebecomeanintegratedpartofHongKongcultureandcontributedalottothepeakofthespecialadministrativeregion,whatmakestheHongKongbeautyUniquegeographicaladvantagesAsacosmopolitancityinthesouthernpartofChina,HongKongisrenownedforitsdeepnaturalharbor,usedbymanyinternationalcargoships,anditsimpressiveskyline,ginthecity,a,manymixed-racedchildrenhavedevelopedauniquecharacterwhichcombinesthetraditionofeasternpeopleandtheopennessofwesterners.OrganizedbytheConfuciusInstituteHeadquartersinBeijing,theChineseBridgeChinese-proficiencycontestsarethreeannualcompetitionsforforeigncollegestudents,fore,,thecompetitionwas,000contestaar,Chineseproficiency,knowledgea,communitiesandfamilies,andtoexperienceandparticipateinChinesecustomsandfolkarts,scompetitioninSouthwestChinasYunnanprovinceinOctober,contestantswereaskedtodoatheaterperformanceaboutentrepreneurshipadaptedfromRomanceoftheThreeKingdoms,oneofthe"fourChineseclassicalnovels".Somecontestantsalsodisplayedproficienciesincalligraphy,painting,acrobatics,kungfuandtraditionalinstruments.

  OnlyashortwalkfromtheNationalMall,itlookslikeagoodplacetolive,/Shawand14thStreetareahasfastbeenturnedintoanupscaleneighborhoodinrecentyears,w,butnotquitesotoDerekHyra,anassociateprofessorattheAmerica,Race,Class,andPoliticsintheCappuccinoCity,/Shawarea,wherethecitysoncemostinfamousopen-airdrugmarkethasbecomeafarmers,a90percentblackneighborhoodjustafewdecadesago,,"darkghetto"hasbeenturnedintoa"gildedghetto".ToHyra,ithascausednotjustresidentialdisplacementforAfricanAmericansbutalsopoliticalandculturaldisplacement.

  Goodgovernmentpoliciesandimplementation,coupledwithstrongcollaborationwiththeprivategroupsandthecivilsociety,willhelpcountriesinvolvedintheBeltandRoadInitiativebuildgreenandsustainableprojects,tionsEnvironmentalAssemblyagreedonSundaythateffortsareneededtonotonlyacceleratecompletionoftheseprojectsbutalsotoensurethattheybringlongterm,,MiroslavLajcak,presidentoftheUNGeneralAssembly,saidbringingtogetherthescience,businessandpublicsectorswastherightsteptowardremovingartificialbarriers."Actionsbythebusinesscommunityareessential,andgovernmentpoliciesneedtobeinformedbyscienceintheinterestofthepeople."ErikSolheim,executivedirectorofUNEnvironmentProgram,saidtheworldhadreachedawatershedmoment,oneinwhichchallengeswillbeturnedintoopportunities.

  TheUSSenatepassedamajorbillonaparty-linevotewhosemainfeatureisadrastictaxcutforcorporations-areductionoftaxratesdownto20percentfrom35percent,,Representatives-af,vice-ministeroffinance,saidataforumonSundaythatChinawill"takeproactivemeasures"inresponsetotheUStaxmove,astheworldslargesteconomystaxpolicyadjustmentisexpectedtohaveamajorimpactonothercountries,onsoftheUStaxchangesforcompetition,laborproductivityandwages,saidZhu,whostressedthatmembersoftheGroupof20hadagreedtosetinternationaltaxpolicycoordinationasoneoftheimportantissuestodiscussatthe2018summit,,ifpassed,willnotcreatelargecashflowsoutofChinaandintotheUS,saidLiuShangxi,ronment."ThereisnoneedforChinatomakeimmediatetaxcutsandblindlyfollowwhattheUSdoes,butitshouldadjustmacroeconomicpoliciesbasedonanassessmentoftherealdomesticsituation,"Liusaid."Oneofourcurrentprioritiesistodeepenvalue-addedtaxreformthattargetsamoremarket-orientedschemeforresourceallocationandbuildafairinvestmentenvironmentforenterprises."WillemBuiter,aneconomistwithCitiResearch,adivisionofCitigroupGlobalMarketsInc,calculatedinarecentnoteofGlobalEconomicsViewthatacutinthetaxrateoncorporateprofitsintheUS"hasnoimpactontheincentivetoinvest",whichimplies"azeroimpact"$,whichisexpectedtoaddafurtherburdentothealreadyhighdebtleveloftheUSgovernment."Governmentrevenuesandsocialwelfareexpendituresmaybeundergreatpressureinthecomingmonthsifthebillispassed,"Liusaid.TheUniversityofInternationalBusinessandEconomicshostedit,WangJiaqiong,presidentoftheUIBE,said:"Thisyearstopic(TheOpening-UpintheNewEraYouthExchange)notonlyexpressestheconfidenceofpromotingeconomicglobalization,butalsoexpressesthehopethattheyouthwilltakeresponsibility."Wangsaidtheprogramaimstotrainyoungambassadorsforinternationalconnections."Ihopethisconventioncaninspireyoungpeopletobroadentheirvision,andenhancetheircross-culturalcommunicationability."ZhangBaijia,formerdeputydirectorofPartyHistoryResearchCenteroftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina,said:"Dialogueisanimportantwaytocommunicatewitheachother,unlikeargumentornegotiation,wherebothsidesseekcommonpointswhilereservingdifferences."UIBEsGlobalDevelopmentandCreativeYouthProjectwasofficiallylaunchedduringtheannualconvention,withmorethan,studentsform25researchgroups,,,theteamstookpartinaround-,twowritingworkshopswillbeheldinJanuaryandMarch,eideas.

  

  房车与露营 寰球速览 第八十八期-最新行业动态

 
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医保“点菜”医保“买单” 福建药品采购换了玩法-新华网
何谓药品联合限价阳光采购?和此前执行的招标采购有何区别?福建省医保办作出了解读。
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医保“点菜”医保“买单” 福建药品采购换了玩法

2019-09-16 14:47:31 来源: 新华网
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  新华网福州5月5日电(刘丰)今年2月初,福建启动以医保支付结算价为基础的药品联合限价阳光采购工作。3月1日,第一批挂网目录正式实施,过渡期2个月。这意味着,从5月起,福建药品招标采购退出了历史舞台。

  何谓药品联合限价阳光采购?和此前执行的招标采购有何区别?福建省医保办作出了解读。

  何谓阳光采购?

  阳光采购,即所有医保定点医疗机构必须通过福建省政府设立的非盈利性药品阳光采购、监督管理平台进行药品采购。

  福建省医保办处长张煊华介绍,过去,药品采购责任不清。卫计部门负责药品采购,但只“点菜”不“买单”,医保部门负责“买单”而又不“点菜”,分不清药采责任应该由谁负责。医院与药品经销商直接购销往来,不仅导致容易出现医药代表围标串标、药品“高进低落、越招越贵”的问题,双方之间利益链条难以切断,而且直接造成长期以来医院、药品供应商、医保部门之间“三角债”。

  同时,由于医保部门既不直接招标定价,又不直接向药品经销商“买单”结算,因此医保无法发挥在药品流通和购销环节的监管作用。

  现在有了联合限价阳光采购,变为医保“点菜”,医保“买单”。今后,医药生产商须统一进入药械联合限价阳光采购平台竞争,中标的产品挂网公示,医院根据挂网目录来采购,医保中心每月结算一次。

  阳光采购如何限价?

  此次医保部门采用以“两种身份”制定两种价格的办法推进药品采购改革。

  首先,省医保办牵头制定医保支付结算价。对80%左右的治疗性用药,医保对于同品种药品确定一种代表药品进行支付,支付标准作为同品种药品的结算价。对仅占20%左右的容易滥用的辅助和营养性药品,医保采取定额支付的方式,即按同品种药品的医保支付结算价为定额标准,超过部分由患者自付。

  同时,采用市场机制手段,综合考虑药品相关价格信息,按照药品“四通用”原则(即“通用名称”“通用剂型”“通用规格”“通用包装”),确定福建药品销售最高限价。不论药品采购价格高低,医疗机构均按不高于医保最高销售限价进行销售,超出部分由医院自付,结余部分医院留用,从而发挥医保杠杆作用,激发医院挤压药价、节约开支的内生动力,推动将个人灰色收入转为医院阳光收入。

  患者如需了解药价,可以自行登录药械联合限价阳光采购网,查询药品的最高销售限价和医保价格。公开透明的药价公示既能够让患者在就医时知晓药品的销售价格和医保报销价格,同时也让各医疗机构主动接受社会监督。

  阳光采购如何实现“阳光”?

  如果说把药品采购目录“晒”上网让药品价格阳光了起来,那么采购过程如何保证“阳光”?福建也有大招。

  为方便医疗机构采购,福建将全省分为11个配送片区(地级市),1个生产企业的所有挂网药品在同一片区只能指定1家配送企业,做到药品生产企业和流通配送企业药品流通供应“责任共当”。严格执行两票制、鼓励一票制;对基础输液实行一票制,基层基础输液可实施两票。

  更为重要的是,福建在全国首创了医保先行结算。定点医疗机构在省级平台采购药品的货款,按照属地原则、分级管理,由各级医保部门统一与属地配送企业进行阳光结算,省医保办电子结算中心负责省属医保定点医疗机构的药品货款结算。

[责任编辑:袁羽]
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